Credit scores are calculated by looking at various aspects of your credit history and profile. These can include details of any applications you’ve made for credit or a loan, details of credit or loan products you have held in the past, your repayment history, any overdue accounts you might have, and information about any court judgements against you.
These are added together to give an overall picture of your ability to repay a loan.
As you might imagine, someone who has never defaulted on a loan will be considered a lower risk than someone with a history of missed repayments, court judgements, or bankruptcy.
Similarly, the more applications for credit on your record, the lower your score is likely to be.
Other factors which can negatively impact a credit score include a history of using ‘payday lenders’ and having open accounts with debt collection agencies.